Genetic variants conferring susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease in the general population; do they also predispose to dementia in Down's syndrome.

TitleGenetic variants conferring susceptibility to Alzheimer's disease in the general population; do they also predispose to dementia in Down's syndrome.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPatel A, Rees SD, M Kelly A, Bain SC, Barnett AH, Prasher A, Arshad H, Prasher VP
JournalBMC Res Notes
Volume7
Pagination42
Date Published2014 Jan 17
ISSN1756-0500
KeywordsAdaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing, Alzheimer Disease, ATP-Binding Cassette Transporters, Clusterin, Cytoskeletal Proteins, Dementia, Down Syndrome, Female, Gene Frequency, Genetic Predisposition to Disease, Genome-Wide Association Study, Genotype, Humans, Male, Membrane Proteins, Monomeric Clathrin Assembly Proteins, Nuclear Proteins, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Population Surveillance, Prospective Studies, Receptor, EphA1, Receptors, Complement 3b, Tumor Suppressor Proteins
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Down's syndrome (DS) is caused by either complete or partial triplication of chromosome 21, affecting approximately 1/1000 live births, and it is widely accepted that individuals with DS are more likely to develop dementia of Alzheimer's disease (DAD) compared with the general population. Recent collaborative genome-wide association studies of large case control data sets of individuals with and without Alzhemier's disease (AD) have revealed new risk variants for dementia, as well as confirming previously identified risk variants. In this study, nine AD-derived SNPs, near or within the CR1 (rs3818361), BIN1 (rs744373), CD2AP (rs9349407), EPHA1 (rs11767557), CLU (rs1532278), MS4A6A/4A (rs610932), PICALM (rs561655), ABCA7 (rs3764650) and CD33 (rs3865444) genes were genotyped in 295 individuals with DS.

RESULTS: There were no significant associations between these nine GWAS-derived SNPs and DAD in British Caucasian individuals with DS. Interestingly the CR1 rs3818361 variant appeared to be associated with mortality in our cohort, particularly in the subjects without dementia. To our knowledge, this is the first time that this variant has been implicated as a determinant of mortality and the finding warrants further investigation in other cohorts with DS.

CONCLUSIONS: This study shows negative associations of nine AD-derived SNPs with DAD in DS. This may be due to the modest size of our cohort, which may indicate that our study is insufficiently powered to pick up such associations. We cannot conclusively exclude a role for these SNPs in DAD in DS. Clearly, efforts to investigate genetic variants with small effects on disease risk require a much larger cohort of individuals with DS. In fact, we hypothesize that a sample size of 4465 individuals with DS would be needed to determine the role in DAD in DS of the nine AD-derived SNPs investigated in this study. We therefore recommend that all national and international clinics with access to individuals with DS should contribute DNA samples to form DS consortia.

DOI10.1186/1756-0500-7-42
Alternate JournalBMC Res Notes
PubMed ID24438528
PubMed Central IDPMC3929558