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Midlife Vascular Factors and Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Late-Life in Mexico.

TitleMidlife Vascular Factors and Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment in Late-Life in Mexico.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsRentería MArce, Manly JJ, Vonk JMJ, Arango SMejia, Obregon AMichaels, Samper-Ternent R, Wong R, Barral S, Tosto G
JournalJ Int Neuropsychol Soc
Date Published2021 Aug 11

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and its subtypes and investigate the impact of midlife cardiovascular risk factors on late-life MCI among the aging Mexican population.
METHOD: Analyses included a sample of non-demented adults over the age of 55 living in both urban and rural areas of Mexico (N = 1807). MCI diagnosis was assigned based on a comprehensive cognitive assessment assessing the domains of memory, executive functioning, language, and visuospatial ability. The normative sample was selected by means of the robust norms approach. Cognitive impairment was defined by a 1.5-SD cut-off per cognitive domain using normative corrections for age, years of education, and sex. Risk factors included age, education, sex, rurality, depression, insurance status, workforce status, hypertension, diabetes, stroke, and heart disease.
RESULTS: The prevalence of amnestic MCI was 5.9%. Other MCI subtypes ranged from 4.2% to 7.7%. MCI with and without memory impairment was associated with older age (OR = 1.01 [1.01, 1.05]; OR = 1.03 [1.01, 1.04], respectively) and residing in rural areas (OR = 1.49 [1.08, 2.06]; OR = 1.35 [1.03, 1.77], respectively). Depression (OR = 1.07 [1.02, 1.12]), diabetes (OR = 1.37 [1.03, 1.82]), and years of education (OR = 0.94 [0.91, 0.97]) were associated with MCI without memory impairment. Midlife CVD increased the odds of MCI in late-life (OR = 1.76 [1.19, 2.59], which was driven by both midlife hypertension and diabetes (OR = 1.70 [1.18, 2.44]; OR = 1.88 [1.19, 2.97], respectively).
CONCLUSIONS: Older age, depression, low education, rurality, and midlife hypertension and diabetes were associated with higher risk of late-life MCI among older adults in Mexico. Our findings suggest that the causes of cognitive impairment are multifactorial and vary by MCI subtype.

Pubmed Link
Alternate JournalJ Int Neuropsychol Soc
PubMed ID34376262
Grant ListR56 AG059756 / AG / NIA NIH HHS / United States

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